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品牌标识角度论证基础--二元论
发表时间:2021-01-08 16:31:24 资料来源:人和时代 作者:VI设计公司

       品牌标识角度论证基础:二元论 二元论(Dualism)认为世界有两个本源,这两个本源是平行的。

       二元论在哲学史上是个呼风唤雨的名词,从古代的亚里士多德时代开始,到近代康德、笛卡尔等诸多大师都是二元论的倡导者。亚里士多德发现了形式与质料之间的二元论,奥古斯丁则发现了上帝之城与人类之城之间的二元论。

      近代哲学史上典型的二元论者是由二分法造成,典型代表是17世纪法国哲学家R笛卡尔,他主张心灵与身体之间的二元论(心物二元论),而康德则发现了现象界与本体之间的二元论,还有一些非主流的二元理论,如实体二元论(Substance Dualism)、概念二元论(Conceptual Dualism)等。

       二元论认为,精神和物质是两种绝对不同的实体,精神的本质在于思想,物质的本质在于存在;物质不能思想,精神如果没有载体(人/大脑/文字/言语/视觉等)不能存在。 精神和物质二者彼此完全独立,不能由一个决定或派生另一个。简单地说,二元论是主张世界有精神和物质两个独立本原的哲学学说。由于二元论割裂了物质和精神的关系,不能科学地解决世界的本质问题,也无法将物质和精神绝对独立的原则贯彻到底,即使是笛卡尔,最终还是倒向唯心主义的一元论。

      The basis of brand identity argument: dualism


      Dualism holds that the world has two origins, which are parallel.


      Dualism is a powerful term in the history of philosophy. From the ancient Aristotle era to modern Kant, Descartes and many other masters are advocates of dualism. Aristotle discovered the dualism between form and material, while Augustine discovered the dualism between the city of God and the city of man.


       In the history of modern philosophy, the typical dualism is caused by dichotomy. The typical representative is the 17th century French philosopher r Descartes, who advocated the dualism between mind and body. Kant found the dualism between phenomenology and ontology, and some non mainstream dualism, such as substance dualism and conceptual dualism.


      Dualism holds that spirit and matter are two absolutely different entities, the essence of spirit lies in thought, and the essence of matter lies in existence; matter cannot think, and spirit cannot exist without carrier (human / brain / words / speech / vision, etc.).


      Spirit and matter are completely independent of each other and cannot be determined by one or derived from the other. In short, dualism is a philosophical theory which advocates that the world has two independent sources of spirit and material. Because dualism separates the relationship between material and spirit, it can not solve the problem of the essence of the world scientifically, and it can not carry out the principle of absolute independence of material and spirit to the end. Even Descartes, in the end, turned to idealist monism.






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